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ban lan gen  板藍根;  da qing ye  大青葉

by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu                 (in English and Chinese 中英文)

Click here to see pictures.

Today's Applications:Today's Applications:            现代應用:
  1.   chicken pox 水痘

  2.   chronic myelogenous leukemia 慢性骨隨性白血病

  3.   digestive tract ulcer / infection 消化道潰瘍

  4.   diptheria 白喉

  5.   epilepsy 癲癇

  6.   erysipelas 丹 毒

  7.   gum alveolitis 牙槽炎

  8.   hepatitis with jaundice  黄疸肝炎

  9.   herpes simplex II  單純皰疹II型病毒

  10.   herpes zoster 帶 狀泡疹

  11.   influenza 感冒

  12.   keratitis  角 膜炎

  13.   measles with pneumonia  德國麻疹兼 肺炎

  14.   meningitis B 已型脑膜炎

  15.   meningococcal meningitis 流行性腦脊髓膜炎

  16.   psoriasis  銀 痟 病

  17.   middle ear infection 中 耳感染

  18.   ulcer of the mouth in children  小孩口部潰瘍

  19.   SARS  嚴重急性呼吸系統綜合症

  20.   sinus infections of children 小兒鼻 竇炎

  21.   tonsillitis  扁桃腺炎

Pharmaceutical name:

英文药名:

Radix Isatidis seu Baphicacanthiban lan gen 板藍根)

Radix Isatidisban lan gen板藍根)

Foleum Isatidis  (da qing ye 大青葉)

Biological name:

拉丁植物學名:

  1. Baphicacanthus cusia (Nees) Brem.

  2. Strobilanthes cusia (Nees) O. Ktze (nan ban lan (南板蓝根,青黛(馬蓝))

  3. Isatis tinctoria L.

  4. Isatis indigotica Fort. (bei ban lan 北板藍)

  5. Strobilanthes divaricatus (Nees) T. Anders.(shu hua ma lan 疏花馬藍)

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音:

banrankon

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音:

p'alamguri

Pron. in Cantonese:

粤語發音:

baan2  laam4 gan1

Common Name:

英文名:

indago woad root, indago woad leaves

Other Names: 別名﹕

  1. ban lan 板藍,

  2. da ding 大靛,

  3. shan lan 山藍,

  4. tu long gen 土龍根,

  5. da lan gen 大蘭根,

  6. lan long gen  蘭龍根.

Distribution:

分佈:

 

Properties (characteristics)

性味:

bitter, cold

苦,寒。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經:

heart, lung, stomach   

肺,心,胃。

Actions & Indications:

主治:

For

  • 1. rose-colored skin rash caused by diseases such as measles, syphilis, or scarlet fever and toxic heat,

  • 2. skin eruption due to wind-heat, other skin and external diseases,

  • 3. excessive thirst,

  • 4. nose bleeding and vomiting of blood.

  • 5. see today's applications

主治:

  • 麻疹,梅毒,猩紅熱 (爛喉痧),熱毒。

  • 熱毒而致皮膚發疹 。

  • 口渴極。

  • 鼻血,吐血。

  • 现 代應用。

 

Medical Function:

藥理:

  • 1. anti micro organism,

  • 2. anti cancer,

  • 3. effect on immune system,

  • 4. anti inflammation, and antipyretic

  • 5. effect on heart and blood vessel

  • 6. liver protection

  • 7. effect on smooth muscle

  • 8. antivirus

  1. 抗微生物

  2. 抗癌

  3. 免疫作用

  4. 抗炎,退 热

  5. 心血管作 用

  6. 對平滑肌 作用

  7. 抗病毒

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份:

The leaves contain tryptophan , isatan B, glucobrassicin, glucobrassicin-1-sulfonate, indigotin, 1-thiocyano-2-hydroxy-3-butene, adenosine, tryptanthrin, β-sitosterol, gama-sitosterol, palmitic acid, sucrose, evaporating oil etc.

sucrose蔗糖
amino acid氨基酸:

arginine

精氨酸

proline

脯氨酸

glutamate

穀氨酸

tyrosine

酪氨酸

γ-amino butyric acid

γ-氨基丁酸

leucine

亮氨酸

valine

纈氨酸

Fresh leaves contain:新鲜頁中含:

3-Indolylmethyl glucosinolate

3-吲哚甲基葡萄糖異硫氰酸鹽

Isatan B (Glucobr-assicin)

大青素B(芸苔甙)

1-Methoxy-3- indolylmethylglu-cosinolate (Neoglucobrassicin)

1-甲氧基-3-吲哚甲基葡萄糖異硫氰酸鹽(新芸苔甙)

1-Sulpho-3-indolymethyl glucosinolate

1-磺酰-3-吲哚甲基葡萄糖異硫氰酸鹽 (1-磺基-芸苔甙)

Dosage:

用量:

15 to 30 g

15~30克 。

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例:

Acute hepatitis with jaundice: ban lan gen 30 g, zhi zi root 45 g. Make into concoction. Total patients: 53. Result: all healed. Duration of therapy: 10 to 50 days [7]

Cautions:

禁忌:

Not to use in absence of fire toxin or in weak patients.

There are report of prolong usage can cause internal bleeding and injury to blood producing function.  There are reports that injectiones have caused allergic reactions and blood in urine.

Allergic reactions included: dizziness, rash, purple lips and face,  numbness in the limbs and in serious condition, shock.

Large dosages and/or long term usage can be toxic to kidneys.

大劑量或長期 服用可能對腎臟有毒

  板 藍根藥材之鑒別研究 Study of ban lan gen herb distinguishing (in Chinese)

南板蓝根,青黛(馬蓝)
   原文:Baphicacanthus cusia(Nees)Bremek(169页,207页)
      補正:Strobilanthes cusia(Nees)O. Ktze.
   注解:《藥典》所載其學名為異名。

出處﹕《中華人民共和國藥典》1995年版一部藥材部分内容補正

沈保安(安徽省蕪湖市藥品 檢驗所 241001)

 

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Last update: Mar 16, 2011; 11:36 p.m. LAH