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中藥詞典    Chinese Herb Dictionary      

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chuan lian zi  川楝子 

ku lian zi  苦 楝 子

ku lian pi  苦 楝

 

Edited by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

 

 

 

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名:

Fructus Meliae Toosendan

Biological name:

拉丁学名:

Melia toosendan Sieb. et Zucc.

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音:

senrenshi

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音:

ch'onnyonja

Pron. in Cantonese

粤語發音:

cyun1  lin6  zi2

Common Name:

英文名:

melia

Other Name:

別名:

jin ling zi, ku lian zi

金鈴子,苦楝子。

Distribution:

分佈:

Gansu, Sichuan, yunnan, Guizhou, Hubei provinces of China.

甘肃,四川,雲南,貴州,湖北等省。

Properties (characteristics):

性味:

bitter, cold slightly toxic

苦,寒,有小毒。
 

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經:

bladder, liver, small intestine, stomach

膀胱,肝,小腸,胃

Actions & Indications:

功用主治:

promote qi flow,  rid of dampness-heat, clear liver fire, rid of pain, promote urination, regulates qi, kills parasites.

Also used externally for fungus infections of scalp.

ku lian pi should be cooked longer than other herbs in the formula, because the active ingredients are more difficult to dissolve in water.

除濕熱,清肝火,止痛,利小便,殺蟲。治熱厥心痛,協痛,疝痛,蟲積腹痛。
有效成分難溶於水所以與一般藥同入湯劑時,需先煎。

Medical Functions:

藥理:

  1. toosendanin can rid of worms

  2. inhibits pain

  3. chuan lian zi with ye ju hua for treatment of cirrhosis of the liver

  4. inhibits fungi, like Trichophyton, Candida albicans , Cryptococcosis

 

  1. 川楝素驅蟲作用

  2. 鎮痛作用

  3. 川楝子加野菊花治肝硬化

  4. 抗真菌作用:如白癬菌,白色念珠菌,新月形隱球菌

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份:

tridecane

正十三烷

toosendanin

苦楝素,(即川楝素)

neoazedarachin A, B, D新楝皮素A, B, D
toosendansterol A, B (in leaves)川楝子甾醇 A, B (葉中)
loliolide黑麥草內酯
toosendanoside川楝子甙

kulinone (melianone)

苦楝酮

kulactone

苦楝内酯

kulolactone

苦洛内酯

meliantriol

苦楝子三醇

β-Sitosterol

β-穀 甾醇

isotoosendanin (isochuanliansu)

苦楝素 (異川楝素)

21-O-methyltoosendapentol

21-O-甲基川楝子五醇

lipomelianol

脂苦楝子醇

lipomelianyl 3-O-stearate

脂川楝醇3-氧硬脂酸

palmitate

棕櫚酸鹽

myristate

荳蔻酸鹽

laurate

月桂酸鹽

21-Oacetyltoodendantriol

21-O-乙醯川楝子三醇

 meliaionoside A,B

苦楝子紫羅醇甙 A及B

Dosage:

3~9 g, smashed

3∼9 克,捣碎。

Modern Application:

現代應用:

Modern Application:    現代應用:

  • 1. stomach pain 胃痛

  • 2. gastric ulcers  胃潰瘍

  • 3. inflammation of the stomach 胃炎

  • 4. inlfammation of the gall bladder 胆囊炎

  • 5.round worms in the gall bladder and bile duct 胆囊,輸膽管蛔虫

  • 6. diarrhea 腹瀉

  • 7. mastitis 乳腺炎

  • 8. mastic tumors 乳腺癌

  • 9. chronic inflammation of pelvic area 慢性盆腔炎

  • 10. appendicitis 盲腸炎

  • 11. contraction of testes into the cavities 睾丸縮入腹腔

  • 12. inflammation of the testes 睾丸發炎

  • 13. pain in the testes 睾丸痛

  • 14. fungus of the scalp (external use) 頭皮廯(外用)

  • 15. frost bites 凍傷

Cautions:

注意﹕

The effective dosage is very close to toxic dosage.  Five or six pieces of fruit can cause death. Children taking 0.3~0.4 g had experience toxic reactions.  2~4 g had caused death.

川楝子有效劑量接近中毒的劑量。五﹐六顆川楝子可為致死劑量。小兒服 0.3~0.4 克 曾經有中毒記錄。 2~4 克 曾經有致死記錄。

 

Note: chuan lian zi means lian zi produced in Sichuan province of China. Li Shi Zhen mentioned in his works that lian zi produced in Sichuan are the best. So all lian zi sold in the Chinese herb stores are called chuan lian zi. Ku lian zi literally means bitter lian zi.

 

 

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Last update: June 27, 2014; 1 p.m. LAH