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中藥詞典    Chinese Herb Dictionary      

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da feng zi    大楓子

by: Joe Hing kwok Chu

 

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Semen Hydnocarpi

Biological name:

拉丁文學名﹕

Hydnocarpus alpina Wright.

Hydnocarpus anthellmintica Pierre ex Laness

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

dafushi

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

Taep’ungja

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

 dai3 fung1 zi2

Other Names:

別名﹕

Ma bo luo (Thai name) 碼菠蘿(傣族名).

Krabao, Mai krabao. (Burmese name)

Common Name:

英文名﹕

Chaulmoogra seeds, hydnocarpus

Distribution:

產地﹕

Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan, southeast Asia and India.

中國處處均有, 尤其廣東﹐廣西出產較多。東南亞﹐印度均有生產。

Properties

(characteristics)

性味﹕

Hot, acrid, toxic.

性熱,味辛,有毒。

Channels (meridians) entered:

 歸 經﹕

Liver, spleen, kidney

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

for treatment of leprosy, scabies, elephantiasis, urticaria, rosacea

用于麻 風病,疥 癬,象 皮病,蕁 麻疹,酒 渣 鼻.

Chemical ingredients:[2]

化學成份﹕【2】

 D-果糖(D-fructose) ,D-葡萄糖(D-glucose),D-蔗糖(D-sucrose),乙基-β-D-呋喃果糖甙(ethyl-β-D-fructofuranoside) ,異葉大風於腈甙(taraktophyllin),表-異葉大風子睛甙(epival kenin),環戊烯基甘氨酸(cyclopentenyl glycine) 及環戊烯脂肪酸(cyclopentenyl fatty acid)。

Dosage:

用量﹕

1 g or less.

1 克﹐或 少於1克。

Samples of formulae:

處 方舉例﹕

For treatment of leprosy :

Name of Formula: da feng wan

Composition: da feng zi 900 g,

fang feng, chuan xiong  30 g each,

can tui, qiang huo, xi xin,  he shou wu,  du huo, ku shen, dang gui, niu xi, quan xie, huang qi, bo he 60 g each,

bai zhi,  gou ji, niu huang, xue jie 15 g each.

Grind into powder. Make into pills with rice glue, into the size of black pepper,

Take 15 pills each time with tea during empty stomach. Take 3 times per day.

[1]

藥方名:大風丸

主治:大瘋眉目遍身穢爛者

組成:

大楓子肉三十兩, 防 風川 芎各十兩,蟬 退 細 辛 何 首烏 獨 活 苦 參 當 歸 牛 膝 全 蠍黃 芪薄荷各二兩,白 芷 狗 脊牛 黃 血 竭各五錢。為末,米糊丸,桐子大,每服十五丸 ,茶下,空心服,日進三次。[1]

 

注:桐子大小與胡椒粒差不多。

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

 

Toxicity:

毒性:

should be cooked for a long time to get rid of the oil to prevent toxicity. Large dosage and long term usage can cause blindness.

Side effects include dizziness, headache, chest pain, fever, weakness, insomnia and loss of appetite.

須久煎 去其表面浮油,以 防中毒。多 服本藥會失明。

其他副作用包 括頭暈﹐頭痛﹐胸痛﹐發熱﹐無力﹐失眠﹐食慾減少。

Cautions:

禁忌﹕

Intra-muscular injection can lead to necrosis. Intravenous or subcutaneous injection can cause hemolytic anemia, hematuria and proteinuria.

 This herb is very toxic. It is mainly for external use. If it is to be taken orally, it should be diluted in the formula. Do not over dose or use for long period. When it is used externally, it also should not be used in large amount or for prolong use. Patients with yinxu (yin deficient) condition, gastro-enteritis, or eye diseases should not use this herb.

本品毒性很大,一般只作外 用,內服宜慎。必須作內服時,當稀釋於復方中用,不可過量或持續服用。外用也不得過量或久用。 陰虛血熱、胃腸炎症、目症患者均忌服。

不可作肌肉注射以免引 起肌肉壞死。靜脈或皮下注射能引起溶血性貧血﹐血尿, 蛋白尿。

[1] Jie Wei Yuan Sou 解 圍元

[2] Zhong Hua Ben Cao 中華本草

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Last update: Feb 4, 2015; 11 p.m. LAH