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gui jiu 鬼臼

by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

Links to pictures of plants   按此看圖

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名

Rhizoma Podophyllum

Rhizoma Dysosmae Versipellis

Biological name:

Podophyllum emodi Wall, var. P. chinensis Sprague

Dysosma versipellis(Hance.) M.Cheng

Other Names:

別名﹕

tao er qi, xiao ye lian, xi zhang gui jiu, shu tai, tong kuai zi, e mu sai

桃兒柒﹐桃兒七,桃耳七﹐鬼臼, 小葉蓮, 西藏鬼臼,素苔﹐銅筷子﹐鵝木塞

Pron. in Cantonese: 

粵音﹕

kua kao

Common Name:英文名﹕

mayapple, mandrake, Indian apple, wild lemon, duck's foot

Distribution:

分佈﹕

Shanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan,  Xizang

陜西﹑甘肅﹑青海﹑四川﹑雲南 和 西藏

Properties (characteristics)﹕性味﹕

Sweet, neutral and very toxic

甘﹑溫﹑辛﹑有大毒.

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

For rheumatoid arthritis, relieving pain, injuries. Mostly used in pill or powder form: 1.5 g to 3 g.

袪風濕, 止痛. 用於風濕疼痛, 跌打損傷. 劑量 1.5~3g, 多入丸散服 .

Medical function:

藥理﹕

Medical function:

  1. improves digestive function by stimulates nerves of the wall of the stomach

  2. antibiotic

  3. anti cancer cells

藥理﹕

  1. 能刺激胃壁神經,使消化機能亢進

  2. 抗菌。

  3. 抗癌

 

Samples of formulae:

Will be uploaded.

I you need information on current study in a hurry on cancer therapy email our Research Librarian.

Chemical ingredients:

podophyllotoxin (根及根茎含鬼臼毒素)﹐deoxy-podophyllotoxin(去氧鬼臼毒素)﹐isopicropodophyllone(異苦鬼臼酮)﹐hyperin(金絲桃甙)

Dosage:

in decoction: 3 to 10 grams

內服入煎劑,常用量3~10克。

Toxicity:

毒 性 :

Discomfort in the upper abdomen, mild diarrhea, pain in the lower abdomen, headache, dizziness. Large amount causes coma, shock, paralysis in the limbs and serious injury in the brain. 

主要有上腹不適﹑輕度腹瀉﹑下腹疼痛﹑頭痛頭暈‧大劑量會引起昏迷﹑休克﹑四肢癱瘓和腦部嚴重受損 . 
輕 者 停 藥 或 減 量 , 症 狀 即 可 消 失 . 大 劑 量 者 則 洗 胃及 搶 救 . 

Large dosages and/or long term usage can be toxic to kidneys.

大劑量或長期服用可能對腎臟有毒

 

Treatment of Toxicity:

解 救 方 法 :

 

In mild cases, stop using the herb or decrease the dosage then symptoms will subside. In case of large dosage, promote vomiting.

輕 者 停 藥 或 減 量 , 症 狀 即 可 消 失 . 大 劑 量 者 則催吐或 洗 胃 . 

 

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Last update: Feb 21, 2010; 11:16 p.m. LAH