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qiān nin jin 千年健
Translated and edited by: Joe Hing kwok Chu      朱興國编譯

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Rhizoma Homalomenae occulta

Latin Botanical  name:

物學名﹕

 Homalomena occulta (Lour.) Schott

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

sennenken

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

ch'onnyon'gun

Pron. in Cantonese::

粵音﹕

cin1 nin4 gin6

Other Names:

別名﹕

qian nian jian 千年見 ,yi bao zhen 一包針。

Common Name:

英文名﹕

Rhizome of obscured homalomena

Distribution:

產地﹕

Guangxi, Hainan provinces of China.

中國廣西,海南等省。

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

bitter, acrid, slightly sweet. toxic.

苦,辛,微甘,有毒。

Channels (meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

liver, kidney, stomach.

肝,腎,胃。

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

The methanol extract of qian nian jian possesses the obvious effect of anti-inflammation, arresting pain. The methanol or ethanol extract possesses the effect of antihistamine and it water extract possesses stronger anti-coagulation effect. Its evaporating oil can inhibit Brucella spp. and herpes simplex I virus.

It can inhibit the primary inflammation and secondary inflammation caused by injections in rats. Higher dosage can also inhibit the ear swelling of mice caused by dimethylbenzene. It shows that it can inhibit acute inflammation; also it can improve the secondary joints diseases of rat. It shows it possesses the effect of anti-rheumatoid arthritis.

千年健甲醇提取物有明顯的抗炎, 鎮痛作用。甲醇 或乙醇提 液有抗組胺作用,其水提液具有較強的抗凝血作用,所含揮發油對布氏杆菌,Ⅰ型單純疱疹病毒有抑制作用。

對大鼠的原發性炎症和注射後繼發性炎症有明顯的抑制作用,高劑量組對二甲苯致小鼠耳腫脹也有一定的 抑制作用,表明其具有抗急性炎症的作用;同時大鼠繼發性多關節病變症狀也得到改善,表明其還有抗類風濕性關節炎的作用。

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

rheumatoid arthritis with joint pain, spastic arms and legs, pain in muscles and bones, injuries from impact. Single herb is being used in wind-damp type of arthritis and gastric pain.

 風濕關節痛,手足拘攣,筋 骨疼痛,跌打損傷。單方治風寒濕痺,胃痛。

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

千年健含約0.69%的揮發油: α-蒎烯(α-pinene),β-蒎 烯(β-pinene)檸檬烯(limonene),芳樟醇(linalool),α-松油醇(α-terpineol),橙花醇(nerol), 香葉醇(geraniol),丁香油酚(eugenol),香葉醛(geranial),β-松油醇(β-terpineol),異龍腦(isoborneol), 松油烯-4-醇(terpinen-4-ol),文藿香醇(patchouli alcohol)。另含草酸鈣 calcium oxalate.

Daly Dosage:

每日用量﹕

4~9g;concentrated extract:0.52g

4~9克;濃缩中藥:0.52.0

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例﹕

 

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

 

Toxicity & Cautions:

毒素與禁忌﹕

Use with caution in case of yinxu (yin deficient).

In animal experiments excessive high dosage has produced side effects of convulsions, opisthotonus, irregular breathing, respiratory arrest, cardiac arrest.

 陰 虛者小心應用。

用量過大反應:動物實驗中大劑量給藥會使動物出現抽搐、角弓反張、呼吸不規則、呼吸停止、心跳停止 。

 

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Last update:May 30, 2011,  8:17 a.m. LAH