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xue lian雪蓮    (in English and Chinese 中英文)

Translated by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu      

Pharmaceutical name:

Flos Saussureae tridactylae

Flos Saussureae laniceps

Flos Saussureae medusae

Flos Saussureae involucratae

Biological name:

學名

Saussurea involucrata (Kar. et Kir.) Sch. Bip.(喜馬拉雅雪蓮大苞雪蓮)

Saussurea tridactyla (三指雪蓮)

Saussurea laniceps (綿頭雪蓮)

Saussurea medusa (水母雪蓮)

Japanese Pron:

日語發音:

setsu renge

Korean Pron:

韓語發音:

 

Cantonese pron:

粤語發音:

syut3 lin4

Distribution:

產地﹕

Snowy mountain area of gansu, qinghai, xizang, xin jiang provinces of China﹐at altitude of 4000 to 5000 meters。

新疆,甘肅,青海,西藏等海拔為4000╴5000米的地帶

Properties﹕

性質﹕

warm, mildly bitter ,

性溫,微苦

Channels  entered:

歸經﹕

liver, kidney and spleen channels

肝,腎,脾經

Actions & Indications:

應用﹕

For hardening of blood vessels of the brain, tumor.

Folk applications include rheumatoid arthritis, impotence, irregular menses, placenta not being expelled after birth.

腦動脈硬化,癌症民間雪蓮用于治療風濕性關節炎,陽痿,婦女月經不調,胎衣不下。

Medical Function:

藥理﹕

Ridding of coldness and dampness, tonifying blood, improving yang, anti-aging, anti-fatigue, arresting asthma, anti lack of oxygen, anti-rheumatic, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, analgesic, termination of pregnancy, scavenging free radicals, lowering blood pressure

散寒除濕壯陽補血,強心,延緩衰老,抗疲勞,平喘,抗缺氧,抗風濕,抗炎, 抗癌,鎮痛,終止妊娠,清除自由基壓等作用。

Chemical ingredients:The whole plant contains alkaloid, flavanone, sterol, volatile oil, reducing sugar, 16 kinds of amino acids, syringin,  Saussurea involucrata lactone  [1]

全草含生物鹼黃酮甾醇揮發油,還原,16種氨基酸丁香d甙,雪蓮內醋等。[1]

Dosage:

9 ~ 15 g in concoction.

The variety da bao xue lian is toxic. Use only 0.75 g to 1.9 g in decoction.

雪蓮種類之中大苞雪蓮花有毒﹐每次只可二至五分煎服。

Samples of formulae:

1. Arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, inflammation of shoulders, sciatica of old people:

Prescription: xue lian 20 g, qi zi 10 g, hong hua 10 g, rice wine 2500 cc. Seal and soak for 15 days. Drink twice a day, 10 to 20 cc per serving.

2. Irregular menses, pain of lower back and leg during and before period, cold and pain of lower abdomen:

Prescription: xue lian 5 g, qi zi 2 g, hong hua 2 g. Boil with water. Drink twice a day as tea .

l,風濕及類風濕性關節炎,肩周炎及老年性腰腿痛:
雪蓮20克,枸杞,h花各10克,白酒2500毫升,密封浸泡15日。日服二次 ,每次10-20毫升。

2,婦人月經不F,月經痛及月經痛引起的腰背痛 ,小腹冷痛:
雪蓮5克,枸杞,紅花各2克,水煎服.日服二次。

 

3,因寒濕引起的胃寒,胃痛等症:
雪蓮5克,紅棗 30克,枸杞10克,洗凈燉雞肉食用。
4,男子陽萎 ,不育症:
雪蓮6克,當歸3克,枸杞10克,水煎服,日服一次。
5,F經補血,滋陰補腎:
雪蓮 ,枸杞各5克,紅花2克,洗凈沙布袋包扎,燉雞肉食用。

也可泡酒,使用方法同 1。
6,腎壯陽,補中益氣:
雪蓮,枸杞各5克, 紅花3克,洗凈沙布袋包扎,燉雞肉食用。

文火2-3小時後食用。
也可泡酒,使用方法同 1。
 

(more to be loaded)

 

Warning﹕

Although this herb is being mentioned in classical herb dictionary but it is rarely prescribed.

Toxicity﹕

Avoid using xue lian when: during pregnance, yinxu (yin deficient) and having high heat. Over dosage can cause heavy sweating.

The variety da bao xue lian is toxic. Use only 0.75 g to 1.9 g in concoction.

陰虛火旺者忌服,孕婦忌服,過量可致大汗淋離。

雪蓮中大苞雪蓮花有毒,煎服二至五分。

Note: the xue lian roots sold in the markets of Taiwan are not Tian Shan

xue lian (Saussurea involucrate) but the roots of Smallanthus sonchifolius

(Poepp. & Endl.) H. Robinson var. Polymnia sonchifolia Poepp. & Endl.,

which are called yacon in South America.

註﹕在台灣 市場上可買到的,以塊根作為食用的所謂雪蓮

是農民從國外引進的,原產南美洲安地斯山脈的植物,

當地人稱之為Yacon,並非中國新疆天山與崑崙山所產的雪蓮花。

根據台中科學博物館嚴新富博士的說法,最好稱作"菊薯"或"雪蓮薯"。

菊薯的學名是Smallanthus sonchifolius (Poepp. & Endl.) H. Robinson
異學名是Polymnia sonchifolia Poepp. & Endl.

 

The following to be translated:

清代趙學敏所著《本草綱目拾遺》記載“雪蓮花產伊犁西北......大寒之地積雪,春夏不散,雪中有草,類荷花,獨莖,亭亭雪間可愛,性熱能補陰益陽,治一切寒癥”。

《新疆中草藥》稱:雪蓮性溫,微苦,功能祛風勝濕,對醫治風濕性疾病具有特殊效果。經臨床藥學研究實踐證明,雪蓮全草入藥,具有通經活血,暖宮散淤,散寒除濕,強筋助陽,止血,消腫之功能。臨床主要用於治療急慢性風濕性關節炎引起的疼痛,肺寒咳嗽,宮寒腹痛,閉經,胎衣不下,陽痿和麻疹不透等癥,使用安全,無毒副作用。  

 

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