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shan dou gen 山豆根

by: Joe Hing kwok Chu

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Rhizoma Sophorae subprostratae   

Radix Sophorae subprostratae 

Latin botanical  name:

拉丁生物學名﹕

Sophora subprostrata Chun et T. Chen

Sophora tonkinensis Gapnep

Euchresta japonica  Benth.

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

sanzukon

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

santugun

Pron. in Cantonese::

粵音﹕

saan1 dau6 gan1

Other Names:

別名﹕

guang dou gen 廣豆根

Common Name:

英文名﹕

sophora root

Distribution:

產地﹕

mainly in Guangxi, Guangdong, Jiangxi, Guizhou provinces of China.

主產於中國廣西,廣東,江西,貴州等省。

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

bitter, cold, toxic.

苦,寒,有毒。

Channels (meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

lung, stomach.

肺,胃。

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

 

Clinical application::

臨床應用﹕

For treatment of:
  1. Swelling of throat due to infection. For mild cases, use decoction of this herb to rinse the mouth. In more serious cases add xuan shem, ban lan gen, she gan to enhance the efficacy.
  2. Swelling of gum:
  3. Cough due to infection of lungs.
  4. Hepatitis due to viral infection.
  5. Hepatitis B surface Antigent carriers but do not have symptoms
  6. Arrhythmia
  7. Cervical erosion
  8. Warts of palms of the feet: use shan dou gen,ban lan gen 60 g each. Add water 3000 c.c. Bring to boil for 10 minutes. Cool to bath water temperature. Soak feet for 30 minutes, once a day. For larger once use moxibustion for 10 minutes each time. Treated 54 patients. The smallest amount of warts on the feet is 8 and largest number is 27. Healed: 43. Ineffective: 11. The healed patients used 3 to 9 doses.【13】
  9. Hemorrhoids:
  10. Cancer of the bladder
  11. Acute tonsillitis
  12. Small childrenpsoriasis
  13. Psoriasis
  14. For use as anesthesia in surgeries.

 

  1. 治病毒性肝炎 【1】
  2. 用於熱毒蘊結,咽喉腫痛。 輕者可單用本品,水煎服或含嗽;重者須配玄 參板藍根射 干等藥,以增強療效。
  3. 用於牙齦腫痛。 可單用煎湯嗽口,或與石膏,黃連,升麻,牡丹皮等同用。
  4. 肺熱咳嗽:
  5. 癰腫瘡毒等症。
  6. 子宮頸糜爛
  7. 治脚底疣:用山豆根,板藍根 各60克。加水3公升。煮沸30分鐘。待稍凉時泡脚半小時。每日一次。對較大的疣體,加艾灸,每次10分鐘。共治療54例。(脚底疣數最少5個。最多27個)。治愈43例。無效11例。治愈病例用藥3~9剤。【13】
     
  8. 用於鉤端螺旋體病
  9. 早期肺癌,喉癌,
  10. 治痔瘡:取北山豆根洗净濕潤30分鐘。加水500毫升。煮沸30分鐘。過滤。用纱布浸滤液,趁熱(60 度)敷在痔處。保持30分鐘。治30例。均受到良好消炎止痛效果。【15】
  11. 治膀胱癌腫:
  12. 治急性扁桃腺炎:
     
  13. 近年用於鉤端螺旋體病及早期肺癌,喉癌,膀胱癌等,均有一定的療效。
     
  14. 用治鉤端螺旋體病多與大青葉,甘草合用;
     
  15. 用治癌症,常與花蛇舌草,魚腥草配伍。

     

銀痟病

 

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

Contains Alkaloids, as: 【1, 2】生 物鹼如:【1, 2】
sophocarpine搜果鹼
matrine苦參鹼
oxymatrine氧化苦參鹼
anagyrine臭豆鹼
(methylcytisine甲基金雀花鹼
(-)-cytisine金雀花鹼
dauricine山豆根鹼
(+)-sophoramine N-oxide氧化槐果鹼
(+)-sophoranol槐醇
dauraicoline 【4】山豆根二醇 【4】
Also contains various flavonoids, as:另還含有多種黃酮 類, 如:
sophoranone柔枝槐酮
sophoradin柔枝槐素
sophoranochromene柔枝槐酮色烯
sophoradochromene柔枝槐素色烯
genistein 【3】染料木素 【3】
Other ingredients:其他成份:
pterocarpine紫檀素
maackian山槐素
trifolirhizin紅車軸草根
phytosterols甾醇
higher alcohol ester of caffeic acid 【3】咖啡酸的高级脂 肪醇酯 【3】

Daly Dosage:

每日用量﹕

For decoction: 6 - 10 g. For external application: use appropriate amount.

作煎剤,内服: 6~10 克。外用:適量。

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例﹕

 

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

in lab test on rats, it showed shan dou gen could lower AST, total protein,  albumin, and cholesterol. [5]

Toxicity & Cautions:

毒素與禁忌﹕

This herb is very cold and very bitter. It can cause over excitement of the vegetative nervous system. Over dose can cause disorder of the digestive system and can cause nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite, stomachache, diarrhea, tightness in chest area, and palpitation.

Use with care in cases of pixu (spleen deficient)

山豆根大苦大寒,能使植物神經過度興奮,過量服 用能引起胃腸功能紊亂,易引起悪心,嘔吐,纳差,腹痛,腹瀉,胸悶,心悸等副作用,故用量不宜過大。

脾虛者慎用。

Chemical ingredients:

【1】姜忠義,中藥通報1982;7 (5)29

Jiang Zhong-YI, Chinese Medical Journal 1982;7 (5)29

【2】窦金辉等,中國中藥雜志,1989; 14 (5) 40.

Dou Jin-Hui, Chinese Medical Magazine, 1989; 14 (5) 40.

【3】江蘇新醫學院;中药大辭典,上海,上海科學技術出版社;1991;182

Chinese Medicine Dictionary by Jiangsu New Medical School, Shanghai. Published by Shanghai Science and Technology Publication. 1991; 182

【4】 方立瓊,上海醫科大學學報; 1992;19 (2); 124。

 Fang L.Q. et al. Journal of Shanghai Medical University  1992;19 (2); 124

Clinical application:

【5】中國中醫基礎醫藥雜誌; 2005 年,第11卷,第12期。

Chinese Journal of Basic Medicine of Traditional Chinese Medicine; 2005, Vol 11, No. 12

【13】李枫; 廣西中醫藥;1983;6(4) 15

【15】張路青;中國醫院醫學雜誌;1988;8 (8)292
 

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