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WU WEI ZI 五味子   (in English and Chinese 中英文)

by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

Click here to see picture of herb. 按此看圖 。

Pharmaceutical name:

英文药名:

Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis

Biological name:

拉丁學名:

Schisandra chinensis (Turcx.) Baill. (northern wu wei zi 北五味子)

Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd. (southern wu wei zi 南五味子)

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音:

gomishi;

gobai.

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音

omicha

Pron. in Cantonese:

粤語發音:

ng5 mei6 zi2

Common Name:

英文名:

schisandra fruit

Distribution:

分佈:

Schisandra chinensis (Turcx.) Baill. (northern wu wei zi):in Jilin, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Hebei provinces of China.

Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd. (southern wu wei zi):in south western part of China and in provinces south of Yangtze (Yang Zi) river of China.

"北五味子" ,主產於中國東北之吉林,遼寧,黑龍江等省與河北省; "南五味子",主產於西南及長流域以南各省。

 

Properties (characteristics):

性味:

warm, sweet, bitter, sour, acrid, salty but prominently sour.

性溫,五味(甘苦酸辛鹹)皆具備,但酸 鹹較多
 

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經:

lung, kidney

入 肺 ﹐腎 經。

Actions & Indications:

應 用﹕

stops asthmatic cough, helps correct shenxu (kidney deficient)  condition, treats spermatorrhea, stops instant sweating, promotes saliva, quenches thirst, calms emotion, palpitation, helps to prevent insomnia, lower ALT and AST, treats chronic hepatitis.

止咳喘 ,滋腎固精 ,治腎 虛遺精 , 收斂止瀉 ,固 表止汗,治自汗 ,生津止渴 ,養心安神治心悸失眠 。 降轉氨脢 ,治療慢性肝炎 。

Medical Function:

藥理:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. helps prevent liver damage; helps to metabolize drugs for liver; lowering ALT and AST. The chemical ingredient, lignan can help regenerate liver tissues due to harmful influence like viruses and alcohol.

2. anti oxidant

3. affect metabolism

4. helps regulate CNS; improves efficiency of brain activities and improves efficiency of work process

5. anti hypertension but during exhaustion of circulatory function, it can help to bring up blood pressure.

6. effect on respiratory system: Lowers oxygen requirement, correct respiratory exhaustion; works better than Coramine or nikethamide. It helps to expectorate phlegm and sooths coughing.

7. anti ulcer effect

8. helps the body function to adept stress

9. antibiotic effect

10. anti kidney illness

11.  induces vascular relaxation via activation of endothelial nitric synthase.

12. lowers cholesterol

13. helps prevent insomnia

14. reduces nerve pain

15. premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

16. night sweats , spontaneous sweating

17. helps correct erectile dysfunction (ED

18. helps correct spermatorrhea

19.helps correct  depression, irritability,

20. improve  memory

21. preventing motion sickness

22. counteracting the effects of sugar

23. improving the health of the adrenal glands

24. boosting energy at the cellular level

 

 

1。 抗肝臟損傷作用

 誘導肝臟藥物代謝脢作用﹐ 降血清轉氨脢。其成份之一,木脂素,能修復有害外來影響,如病毒,酒精等損傷的肝臟。

2。抗氧化作用

3。 影響代謝

4。對腦中樞作用﹕(1)能改善大腦調 節功能,增強興奮與抑制過程的靈活性;(2)能 提高智力活動及工作效率;

5。對心血管系統作用: 有降壓作用﹐ 但對循環哀竭有生壓作用。

6。對呼吸系統作用﹕降低耗氧量﹐增加 潮氣量﹐ 改善呼吸哀竭極為有利﹐優于可 拉明(Coramine, nikethamide).  鎮咳祛痰

7。 抗潰瘍作用

8。 對機體適應能力作用

9。抗菌作用

10。抗腎病變作用

11通 過誘導血管舒張內皮一氧化氮合成酶的激活。

12。降低膽固醇
13。有鎮靜,催眠作用,而有助於防止失眠
14。降低神經疼痛
15。經前期綜合徵
16。治盜汗,自汗
17。治陽痿
18。治遺精
19。治抑鬱,煩躁不安,
20。提高記憶力
21。防止暈車
22。糖的影響抵消
23。改善腎上腺的健康
24。在細胞水平上提高能源

Chemical ingredients:

化學成分:

 

1.Evaporating oil: a-pinene  a-蒎 烯, camphene 莰烯, b-pinene -b-蒎 烯, myrcene 月桂烯, a-terpinene a-松 油烯, limonene檬烯, G-terpinene, p-cymene, thymold methylether, bornyl acetate, citronellyl acetate, linalool, terpinene-4-ol, a-terpinol, geraniol, borneol, citronellol, benzoic acid, o-cadinene,  b-elemene,  a-ylangene, cuparene, sesquicarene,   b-chamigrene,  a-chamigrene, chamigrenol,   b-bisabolene, ethyl benzyl ether, [2, 2-dimethyl-3-methylenebicyclo (2, 2, 1) heptane], (1-methyl-4-methylethenenylcyelohexene), (phenyl-2-propanone), [2-methyl-3-methylene-2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-bicyclo (2, 2, 1) heptane], longifolene, [4-(1, 5-dimethyl-1, 4-hexadienyl)-1-methylcylohexene], isolongifolene, a-santalene, clovene,  b-caryophyllene, trans-caryophyllene,  b-selinene, thujopsene, santalol, a-santalol, nonylophenol, [2-(p-cyclohexylphenoxy) ethanol], [2-(2-phenyl cyclohexyloxy) ethanol], (p-nonylphenol, 4, 4a, 5, 6, 7, 8-hexahydro-4, 4a-dimethyl-6-(1-methyl ethenyl)-2 (3H)-naphthalene, 1, 1a, 4, 5, 6, 7, 7a, 7b-octahydro-1, 1, 7, 7a-tetramethyl-2H-cyclopropa (a) -naphthalene-2-one, 1, 1a, 2, 4, 6, 7, 7a-7b-octahydro-1, 1, 7, 7a-tetramethyl-5H-cyclopropa(a) -naphthalen-5-one, cyclopropa (a) -naphthalen -2-one, 2-(5-ethenyl-5-methyl-2-tetrahydrofuranyl)-6-methyl-5-hepten-3-one, 1, 2, 3, 3a, 8, 8a-hexahydro-2, 2, 8-trimethyl-5, 6-azulenedimethanol, 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7-hexahydro-1, 1, 5, 5-tetramethyl-tricyclo (5, 4, 0)undec-9-ene, 1, 2, 4a, 5, 6, 8a-hexahydro-4, 7-dimethyl-1- (1-methylethyl)-naphthalene, 2, 3, 7, 7, 8, 8a hexahydro-3, 6, 8, 8-tetramethyl-1H-3a, 7-methanoazulene, 1, 8-dimethyl-4-(1-methylenyl)-spiro (4, 5) dec-7-ene, 4-phenobicyclo (2, 2, 2) pctan-1-ol.

2. Lignans 木脂素類: schizandrin, deoxyschisandrin, gamma-schisandrin, schisandrol, pseudo-gamma-schisandrin, wuweizisu C, (schisandrol A, B), schizandrate B, gomisin A, B, C, F, G, angeloylgomisin H, tigloylgomisin H, benzoylgomisin H, epigomisin O, angeloylgomisini O, pregomisin, angeloyisogomisin O, benzoylisogomisin O, isoschisandrin, rubschisantherin, rubschisandrin, schisanhenol acetate, schisanhenol B, schisanhenol, pregomisin, schisantherin, neoschizanrin, meso-dihydroguaiaretic acid.

3. Organic acids 有機酸類:malic acid 蘋果酸,citric acid 枸橼酸; tartaric acid 酒石酸,succinic acid 琥珀酸。

4. citral.檬醛, chlorophyll 葉绿素,

5. calcium oxalate 草酸鈣

Dosage:

用量:

Usual dosage : 1.5 to 9 g. For chronic cough: 1.5 g ~ 3 g. For tonic: 6 to 9 g.

Boiled with water: 1.5 to 9 g.

Used in powder form: 1 to 3 g.

1.5 ~ 9 克 。水煎 1.5 ~ 9 克 。

久咳嗽 1.5 ~ 3 克 。

研 末 服 每 次 1- 3 克 。

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例:

Click to see ALT AST lowering formula

按此看降 低 ALT 與 AST 之藥方。

To improve sperm count and sperm activity: wu zi yan zong wan

增加精子數量與活動 力: 五子衍宗丸

治陽痿:菟 絲子蛇 床子、五味子各等分。上三味,末之,蜜丸如梧子。飲服三十丸,日三。《 方源:千金方

Modern Applications:

to be loaded

Cautions:

禁 忌:

Not to be used by patients with ulcers, or epilepsy,  or by those over exercise, or with high pressure in the cranium, cold or flu no yet clear, early stage of cough with internal heat, and those with early stage of  measles.

Use wu wei zi together with sulfonamides may cause bleeding in the urinary tract.

潰瘍或 癲癇發作﹐運動過度﹐顱內高壓之病人禁用。表邪未解 ﹐內有實熱 咳嗽初起 ﹐ 麻疹初發者忌服 。

五味子與磺胺類藥 (sulfonamides) 同時使用可能會引起血尿。

Source: Zhong Hua Ben Cao  中華本草:;: Zhong Yao Da Ci Dian 中药大辞典

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Last update: June 8, 2016; 5 p.m. LAH