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xing ren 杏仁 (北杏仁)

 

by: Joe Hing kwok Chu

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Semen pruni armeniacae

Latin  name:

拉丁學名﹕

Prunus armeniaca L; P.armeniaca L.var. ansu Maxim ,;

P. sibirica L. (西伯利亞杏),

P. mandshurica (Maxim.) Koehne (東北杏)

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

kyonin

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

sain

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

hang6 jan4

Other Names:

別名 ﹕

處方名 (prescription names)xing ren 杏仁,ku xing ren 苦杏仁,kuang xing ren 光杏仁,ku he ren 杏核仁,炒杏仁,jian xing ren 尖杏仁,xing ren xiang 杏仁霜

Common Name:

英文名﹕

Bitter Apricot Seed

Distribution:

產地﹕

 

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

warm, bitter, and slightly toxic.

性溫 味苦 有小毒。

Channels (meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

lung, large intestine.

肺與大腸經。

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

 

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

for arresting coughing and asthma, expelling phlegm, help bowel movements.

降氣止咳平喘,潤腸通便。用於咳嗽氣喘,胸滿痰多,血虛津枯,腸燥便秘。

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

amygdalin

苦杏仁甙 (杏素; 苦杏仁素)

fat

脂肪油

emulsin

苦杏仁酶

amygdalase

苦杏仁甙酶

prunase

櫻葉酶

estrone

雌酮

α-estradiol

α-雌二醇

desmasterol

鏈甾醇

vitamin E

維生素 E

vitamin C

維生素 C

vatamin P

維生素 P

calcium

phosphorus

iron

protein

蛋白質

fat

脂肪

sugar

Dosage:

用量﹕

 

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例﹕

Wind cold type of flu: usexing su san

風寒咳嗽: 杏蘇散

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

杏仁含有豐富的脂肪油,有降低膽固醇的作用。

Toxicity & Cautions:

毒素與禁忌﹕

Xing ren contain hydrogen cyanide which is a strong toxin. Eating 20 to 30 piece may cause toxic reaction even death. The toxin can be hydrolyzed in cooking and can render it non toxic. It is not recommended for small children.

北杏含氰化氢 (其水溶液稱為氫氰酸),食二,三十粒已可令人中毒,甚至致命,但加熱煮過後氰化氢會被分解掉。小兒忌服。

100g苦杏仁分解釋放氫氰酸100~250mg。氫氰酸致死劑量為60mg,故口服十幾顆苦杏仁即可引起兒童中毒。

 

Nan xin (southern xin ren, Prunus dulcis) also called tian xin ren meaning sweet xin ren.

Bei xin ren (northern xin ren, Prunus armeniaca) is also called ku xin ren meaning bitter xin ren.

Nan xin (southern xin ren, Prunus dulcis) is milder and is suitable for older people with weaker bodies and with cough and asthma.

Bei xin ren (northern xin ren, Prunus armeniaca) is stronger in property, It is suitable for stronger and younger people and in strong syndromes. It also contains less amygdalin thus it is not as effective in arresting cough and asthma.

南杏仁味甘又稱甜香 仁,北杏仁味苦又稱苦杏仁(處方大多指苦 杏仁,即北杏仁);南杏 性平,力較緩,適用於老人 體虛及虛勞咳喘。北杏 力較大 ,適用於壯人,實証。又甜杏仁(南杏) 所含之苦杏仁甙較少,故鎮咳平喘的作用 較差。

 

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Last update: Mar 3, 2009; 11:17 p.m. LAH