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xiong huang, realgar  雄黄

By: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

Present day applications:

現代應用:

see formula for leukemia

白血病

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Realgar

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

yuo

Pron. in Korean:

高麗發音﹕

unghwang

Pron. in Cantonese:

廣東音﹕

hung4  wong4

Other Names:

別名﹕

ming xiong huang, xiong jing, yao huang, ji guan shi, huang jin shi, shi huang, xun huang.

明雄黃﹐ 雄精﹐ 腰黃﹐雞冠石﹐黃金石, 石 黃, 燻黃,

Common Name:

英語﹕

realgar

Distribution:

分佈﹕

Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou, Yunna, Sichuan

湖南﹐湖北﹐貴州﹐雲南﹐四川。

Properties (characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

acrid, bitter, warm toxic

辛﹐苦﹐溫﹐有毒。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經﹕

heart, liver, stomach

心﹐肝﹐胃。

Actions & Indications:

主治:

Topical application for ridding of parasites:  for scabies, ringworm, damp rashes, abscesses, ulcerations, snake bites.

Taking internally for intestinal parasites,  especially effective for roundworms.

Dries dampness: expels phlegm

For tumors and  leukemia with high white cell count.

外用用於瘡癤疔毒,疥癬,膿腫,金錢癬,蟲蛇咬傷等。

内服:

  • 用於蛔蟲,血吸蟲等寄生蟲病。 對蛔蟲特別有效。

  • 去濕除痰。

  • 治白血球過多的白血病。

Medical Function:

藥理:

 

Chemical Ingredients:

化學成份:

As2S2  As2S3 and As4S4 and a small amount of As2O3

As2S2  As2S3 As4S4 和少量的 As2O3

Dosage:

用量﹕

0.15 g to 0.6 g in pills or powders

0.15 克~ 0.6 克﹐制丸或粉劑。

Commonly Used formulae:

常用配方:

For ring worms: xiong huang with quan niu zi.

For round worms: xiong huang with bin nang, quan niu zi.

For schistosomiasis: xiong huang with nan gua zi (pumpkin seeds), bin nang.

 

金錢癬:雄黄配牽牛子。

蛔虫病,常與檳榔,牽牛子等配伍,如牽牛丸。

血吸虫病,可與南瓜子,檳榔等同用。

Modern Research:

See chronic myelogenous leukemia

Cautions:

禁忌﹕

Do not use in cases of during pregnancy, yinxu (yin deficient), blood deficient and in leukemia with low white cell counts. Not for long term usage.

Calcination of xiong huang can change As2S3 and As4S4 into highly toxic arsenic trioxide. (As2O3) .

不可用於陰虛血虛或白血球低的白血病。

雄黄於鍛燒後會把 As2S3 As4S4 變成毒性很高的 三氧化二砷As2O3

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Last update: Aug 21, 2008;  5:27 p.m. LAH